Why Do It, Who Should Have It?
Types of Treatment
How to Prepare?
What to Expect? (Steps)
Frequently asked Questions
IVF treatment is one of the most accurate and successful treatments for couples who cannot conceive naturally or experience pregnancy losses. IVF treatment; It is the process of placing the best of the embryos obtained by combining the eggs taken from the woman and the sperm cells taken from the man in a suitable laboratory outside the body and fertilizing them.
In IVF treatment; Drug treatment that encourages ovulation is applied to women with ovulation problems, and in men with low sperm count and quality, a microinjection process is performed, where only the highest quality possible sperm can be selected and injected into the egg.
However, many additional procedures are implemented to increase success. What makes the IVF treatment successful is that the most critical stages required for pregnancy are carried out by specialists outside the body and different procedures are performed depending on the couple's infertility. In this way, many problems that naturally prevent pregnancy can be eliminated and pregnancy can be achieved.
How to start IVF treatment?
In order to ensure that couples can have children in IVF treatment, a couple-specific treatment plan is created based on the couples' stories and examination findings.
IVF Treatment Types
Classic test tube:
IVF treatment is a treatment that can be customized according to the needs of the couple with infertility problems and problems that prevent reproduction. Classic IVF treatment is applied to couples who are young and have high egg and sperm count and quality. In classical IVF treatment, the female and male reproductive cells are brought together in the laboratory and one or two of the embryos obtained by fertilization are transferred to the expectant mother's uterus without any extra treatment. In classical IVF treatment, fertilization takes place with the ability of eggs and sperm.
Microinjection method is more preferred in male infertility cases where sperm count, shape and mobility are low. In the microinjection technique, fertilization is provided by injecting the best quality sperm from the candidate directly into the egg.
In Vitro Maturation:
In Vitro Maturation method is used to prevent possible risks in women with very high egg reserves. Eggs are collected before maturation and ripened outside. Again, eggs suitable for pregnancy are fertilized by sperm cells in the laboratory.
At the same time, it is aimed to increase the chances of success in all IVF methods by giving hormone drugs that support ovulation in order to increase the number and quality of the woman's eggs.
Frequently asked Questions
IVF Treatment Starts How Many Days?
In the treatment of IVF, the ovarian reserve of the expectant mother is first evaluated, and a treatment plan is made as a result. If extra treatments are not required, IVF treatment is started on the 3rd day of menstruation.
What are the reasons for IVF treatment to fail?
IVF treatment is one of the most successful methods of reproductive aids currently applied. However, it is still possible to say that failure of treatment is frequently encountered. There are many factors that affect success in IVF treatment and the most important of these factors is the age of the expectant mother. In addition, many factors can cause treatment failure.
Low ovarian reserve, A stressful life, Smoking, Being overweight, obesity, Liquid accumulation in the tubes, Low sperm quality, Genetic structure of the embryo that will provide pregnancy, Drugs that will ensure egg development are not used regularly, Insufficient culture environment that provides embryo development, The membrane surrounding the embryo is thick, Congenital defects related to the uterus, There is a fibroid in the uterus that prevents the embryo from sticking, A coagulation that prevents the embryo from growing by holding it in the uterus, Adhesions caused by previous infectious diseases, Women have genetic or subsequent dysfunctions, Chocolate cyst (Endometriosis) disease, An infection in the tubes,
In cases such as the swelling and swelling of the tubes called hydrosalpenx after intra-abdominal operations, IVF treatment will most likely result in failure.
Should we lose weight before IVF?
Being overweight in all age groups for all men and women, many health problems
The mother candidate for many positive conditions such as the ability of the mother candidate to create a healthy, quality egg for the treatment of IVF, the quality of the sperm quality and vitality of the father candidate, the embryo transferred to the womb of the mother candidate for 9 months in the healthiest way, and the birth can be made easier. Although, of course, the father candidate must be at normal weights.
Especially considering that the overweight of the mother candidate is very susceptible to diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart and kidney problems, the doctor may suggest that women who are overweight apply weight loss to those who are overweight.
A woman who has achieved her ideal weight by applying a healthy, balanced and adequate nutrition program, as well as a regular exercise and sports program, is also more likely to succeed in IVF treatment. Because proper nutrition and regular sports are very important for the reproductive system to function properly.
Reproductive cells of women and men who are healthy eating and sports for a period of time will be much healthier and more suitable for reproduction. In this way, the probability of the IVF treatment to be successful and the probability of getting a pregnancy in the first attempt, not in a few trials, will increase. For this reason, it is important to be at normal weights before pregnancy, whether natural pregnancy or with IVF treatment.
What Causes of Infertility is applied for IVF Treatment?
IVF treatment is a procedure in which the embryo is fertilized outside the mother's womb. If you or your partner have received one of the following diagnoses, it may be an option.
IVF treatment is not the first treatment step in other cases except in venous tube blockage in infertility treatment. It is a complex and expensive option, so other methods should be applied if it is not successful.
Low sperm count
Problems with the uterus and fallopian tubes
Sperms are unable to overcome cervical fluids or survive in it
Unexplained infertility problems
How many days does IVF treatment last?
After starting treatment, it takes an average of 20 days until transfer. The duration of the transactions within 20 days is as follows:
Egg collection is generally 12-14 after starting treatment. done daily.
Embryo transfer is done 3 or 5 days after egg collection.
Pregnancy test is done 11 days after embryo transfer.
Additionally, if the embryos need to freeze, the transfer will be made at the nearest 1.5 months.
How many times can IVF treatment be tried?
It is known that the probability of getting a successful pregnancy is approximately 90% if the treatment is tried 4 times, and this rate is around 85% if it is tried 3 times. However, according to the experts' opinion, the chance of pregnancy decreases after 3 attempts in IVF treatment. After 3 attempts, treatment can be tried and pregnancy can be achieved, but if it does not occur in the first 3, chance has decreased compared to the first attempts.
Because the infertility cause of the couple is evaluated in more detail after the unsuccessful first attempt of IVF treatment and new and additional approaches are tried in the next attempt. The chances of success can be increased with these new supportive practices. However, in cases where all 3 attempts fail in this way, if an extra method is not found to bring a chance of success, doing the same trials will not bring a positive result.
Is there an age limit for male in IVF treatment?
While reproductive ability is highest in a certain age range for both women and men, it decreases with advancing age. However, compared to women, man's sperm production continues at any age. On the other hand, with advancing age, sperm quality and number decrease. In this context, sperm motility may decrease by 54% in men over the age of 55. A factor in this problem is the deterioration of sperm DNA with age.
Is an official wedding necessary for IVF treatment?
IVF treatment is one of the most effective assisted reproductive techniques. IVF treatment in Turkey, which applied only to couples official marriage. It is mandatory for the couple to use their own eggs and their own sperm.
Who can not apply IVF treatment?
Women who have lost their ovulation function, women who have entered the menopause period, women with hormone levels impaired,
What are the differences between IVF and normal pregnancy?
There is a high belief and misunderstanding that the pregnancies of pregnant women who are pregnant with IVF treatment have high risk. However, the only difference between pregnancy and IVF treatment naturally is the way pregnancy is obtained. Pregnancies obtained by IVF treatment after pregnancy have no difference from pregnancies occurring in the normal way, both pregnancies are in the same proportions in terms of the risks they carry.
What are the things to do in IVF treatment?
· If cigarettes are used, they should be released immediately and avoided smoking areas,
Vitamin pill containing 0.4 - 1 mg folic acid should be taken daily,
· Adequate and balanced nutrition,
Fiber foods should be consumed,
At least 6 - 8 glasses, that is, 2 liters of water should be drunk daily,
Exercises such as walking, swimming, pilates should be done regularly,
2-3 days before the egg collection process, 2-3 days of sexual abstinence should be done, this abstinence should not exceed 5 days,
· In case of infection, the doctor should be discussed and treated,
Ovarian stimulating needles should be made between 4.00 and 8.00 in the evening.
· If there is a new drug that should be used as an antibiotic, it should be discussed with the doctor who performs the treatment,
Injection drugs should be stored in the refrigerator,
If there is pain, only painkillers containing paracetamol prescribed by the doctor should be used,
For injections from the arm or abdomen, the injection site should be held lightly by finger for 6 seconds after removing the needle,
About 2-3 liters of fluid should be consumed per day after egg collection,
· All needles should be made in the time, shape and quantity reported,
Medications recommended by the doctor should be used regularly to suppress some hormones,
Before treatment; Hepatitis B and C screening, HIV, Rubella IgG, blood count, blood groups should be determined.