What is Organ Transplantation?
Organ transplantation is an operation performed from cadaver and living. Organ transplantation is called to replace the organs that are not able to function due to diseases that cannot be treated medically, to replace the organs that are taken from living or dead by treating the patient. Except for heart transplantation, a significant part of it can be made live to live. Liver, kidney, pancreas, small, intestine, and heart transplants can be carried out by transferring them from the cadaver.
Transplants from live to live and from cadaver to live
Each transplanted organ means a life that is actually saved. However, in achieving the desired level of organ donation in Turkey and sufficient sensitivity occurs failure to lack of knowledge in society, prejudices and misconceptions plays an important role. There are many people who have been admitted to dialysis for years or not to donate organs, with the mistakes that are believed to be true and believed in organ donation and transplantation. 75- 80% of organ transplants performed with organs from living in Turkey. In this way, a person who is completely intact is operated and some or half of his organs are removed. Although this is a very undesirable situation, we have to do it to keep people alive. The opposite is true for this situation abroad. Transplants with organs from living things are at the rate of 25%, and transplants from cadavers (people who died) are around 75-80%. That is the difference between the process in the transport process in Turkey, Europe and the United States. However, as long as transplants are done in good hands, there is no statistical difference between the success rate.
Organ Transplant Surgery is performed with modern technology and techniques
Organ transplant surgeries are important and fine surgeries; however, the developing modern surgical technologies and techniques can be performed safely and without bleeding. For example; With laparoscopic surgeries (closed surgeries), people continue their normal lives after 1 week or 10 days; they never have a physical disability in their daily lives.
Who can become a donor?
According to the regulations of the Ministry of Health, there may be inter-relative transfers up to the 4th degree. Non-relative organ transplantation may also be in question with the approval of the Regional Ethics Committees. In terms of organ transplants, donor changes, called cross transplants, can also take place within the legal framework.
The health institution chosen for the transplant is important
In order for organ transplantation in a hospital, that center must be providing a high level of service. Organ transplantation is not just a surgical procedure. It is very important for the polyclinics, laboratories, imaging units, inpatient floors, and many clinics to work together before and after the transplant. You can be a very good surgeon, you can have a very good anesthesia team, your operating room conditions can be very perfect, but this does not always mean that you will get successful results. Organ transplantation is a multidisciplinary study. Therefore, only health institutions that have completed this study can perform organ transplants.